Angiology is a medical specialty that examines the circulatory system, which includes both the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems.
It involves analyzing the structure and physiology of blood vessels such as arteries, veins, and capillaries, as well as lymph nodes and vessels. The field of Angiology studies how these structures interact with each other and how they can become diseased or damaged. Additionally, it also covers the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to these systems.
In terms of treatments options, Angiology has evolved significantly over time. Medical professionals now commonly rely on minimally invasive techniques such as angioplasty which involves inflating a balloon within an artery to widen its lumen; endarterectomy which involves surgically cutting out plaque from inside an artery; sclerotherapy which uses injectable medications to shrink abnormal veins; and stenting which involves inserting small tubes into narrowed or blocked sections of arteries in order to keep them open for improved flow.
Comprehensive and accurate diagnosis
At the VenArt Clinic, our doctors will provide you with a comprehensive and accurate diagnosis of all peripheral vascular disorders. This is done through Doppler ultrasound, phlebography and arteriography.
Depending on the diagnosis or the severity of the vascular disease, our doctors can offer you a medicinal solution, leading to an improvement of your health or, if necessary, minimally invasive vascular, venous or arterial treatments.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
A term intended to represent all pathologies caused by obstruction of various blood vessels. Once a major blood vessel is blocked, it can cause various symptoms, which at first are manageable, but over time can worsen.
There are two approaches that can be utilized to improve the patient's condition and quality of life.
Improve your health and well-being
The first is through lifestyle changes, such as exercising regularly, walking, quitting smoking, and eating healthy without excess fat. This type of approach is important for those who are at risk for developing cardiovascular problems or who have already been diagnosed with a cardiovascular illness. Making these modifications can help reduce the risk of further complications and even reverse some existing conditions. It can also lead to improved overall health and well-being, since physical activity and good nutrition can provide a long list of benefits beyond cardiovascular health.
Revascularization of blocked vessels
The second approach is revascularization of blocked vessels (arteries and veins). This is often done through minimally invasive methods, such as catheterization, balloon angioplasty with stenting, or stent-grafts. In more complex cases, surgical methods may be used to remove blockages from arteries or veins in order to restore blood flow. Revascularization can help alleviate symptoms caused by decreased blood flow and improve the overall health of an individual. It may also help prevent further complications related to vascular disease by restoring blood flow more quickly than lifestyle modifications alone could do.
The most common conditions in the vascular pathology group include:
Peripheral venous insufficiency, also known as chronic venous disease, which is characterized by a decrease in the flow of blood from veins in the lower extremities. This is commonly caused by damage to the valves within these veins which prevent them from properly circulating blood back to the heart; varicose veins, which are abnormal and swollen veins that are often seen near the surface of the skin on the legs; internal or external thrombophlebitis, a disorder caused by inflammation of a vein with subsequent formation of a clot inside that vein.
Peripheral arterial disease, which is blockage or narrowing of arteries due to plaque buildup leading to reduced blood flow to limbs; atherosclerosis, which is hardening of arteries due to fats, cholesterol, calcium and other substances being deposited within artery walls.
Thrombosis, which is formation of a clot inside an artery or vein; arterial aneurysms, which are weakening and bulging in vessels due to build up of pressure within them resulting in an increased risk for rupture and bleeding.
Thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms where enlargement occurs in parts of the main artery that originates from the heart and supplies oxygen-rich blood throughout your body).
Carotid obstructions caused by fatty deposits blocking major arteries supplying blood to the brain.